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Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome


Fahnestock, M., Marchese, M., Head, E., Pop, V., Michalski, B., Milgram, W. N., & Cotman, C. W. (2012). BDNF increases with behavioral enrichment and an antioxidant diet in the aged dog. Neurobiology of aging, 33(3), 546-554.

Landsberg GM, Nichol J, Araujo JA. Cognitive dysfunction syndrome: A disease of canine and feline brain aging. Vet Clin Small Anim 2012;42:749-768.

O'Brian, M. L., Herron, M. E., Smith, A. M., & Aarnes, T. K. (2021). Effects of a four-week group class created for dogs at least eight years of age on the development and progression of signs of cognitive dysfunction syndrome. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 259(6), 637-643.

Taylor, TL, Fernandez, EJ, Handley, KN, & Hazel, SJ (2023). Non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of canine cognitive dysfunction: A scoping review. Applied Animal Behavior Science , 269 , 106097

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